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Automatic Generation of Frame Conditions for Record Components

by Claire Dross in Formal Verification – July 26, 2016

Formal verification tools like GNATprove rely on the user to provide loop invariants to describe the actions performed inside loops. Though the preservation of variables which are not modified in the loop need not be mentioned in the invariant, it is in general necessary to state explicitly the preservation of unmodified object parts, such as record fields or array elements. These preservation properties form the loop’s frame condition. As it may seem obvious to the user, the frame condition is unfortunately often forgotten when writing a loop invariant, leading to unprovable checks. To alleviate this problem, the GNATprove tool now generates automatically frame conditions for preserved record components. In this post, we describe this new feature on an example.